It’s been a fantastic 4 nights of northern lights. For now, Earth’s magnetic environment has returned to quiet conditions. Similar to the run of auroras that began on St. Patrick’s Day, this one finished with the same peculiar, sausage-shaped patches.
Last night I noticed a single elongated glow about two fists across in the northern sky in late twilight that slowly pulsed in brightness, often disappearing for 10-15 seconds and then reappearing in the same spot. Like breath on a mirror.
During the night, the patch slinked slowly westward into Cassiopeia and then disappeared altogether around 11 o’clock. At midnight it reappeared in the northeastern sky below the Northern Cross. The strange apparition added quiet intrigue to the evening’s boisterous calls from the frogs.
Tomorrow night (April 19), look to the northwest about 40 minutes after sunset for a rare alignment of a day-old moon and two planets. One of them, Mars, has been around since last spring. Back then it was much closer to Earth and brilliant. Since then the two planets have separated with Mars now far away and rather faint. You wouldn’t ordinary seek it out so low in a bright sky, but the youthful crescent moon will certainly lure you there.
The moon will be just a bit more than one day old and appear as a razor-thin sliver about 5-7° high (three to four fingers held at arm’s length). It should be easily visible from anywhere with a wide open view to the west-northwest. Because of its relative faintness, Mars will probably require binoculars to see. Focus on the moon first and then slide to the right to find the star-like planet.
Mercury shines at magnitude -0.5, even brighter than Vega or Arcturus, but it’s only a few degrees high, so you might need binoculars to see it, too. Once again, the moon comes to the rescue. Look either with your eyes or binos 7° (four fingers) to its lower right.
Mercury quickly moves up from the horizon in the next two weeks for its best evening appearance of the year for northern hemisphere skywatchers. As it comes into better view, the planet will slowly fade and change phase just like the moon. You can see the phases through a small telescope magnifying about 75x. Be sure to look for Mercury early when it’s highest or the blurring effect of the atmosphere will turn it into a ball of quivering mush.
With Mercury joining the scene, we now have five — count ‘em — five planets visible in the evening sky. Throw in the Earth and that makes six out of a total of eight! Mercury and Mars hang low in the west; Venus can’t be missed, shining like a lighthouse high in the west at dusk; Jupiter dominates the southern sky in Cancer and if you stay up till 11:30, you’ll see Saturn rise in Scorpius low in the southeastern sky.
Such riches for planetary enthusiasts. Go out and meet your solar system at the next opportunity.