Scattered thin clouds took nothing away from this morning’s otherwise clear sky. With the Moon waxing from quarter to gibbous phase, the slab of darkness between moonset and dawn gets sliced thinner every day. Starting November 4th the Moon will light the sky all night and not give back the darkness till next weekend. I took advantage of a moonless morning to set up the telescope to view two comets, a brand new supernova in the bright Virgo galaxy M61 and the planet Mercury at dawn.
Normally I suggest looking for Mercury around 45 minutes before sunrise when it’s high enough for a good view, but if you have an wide open eastern horizon, go for it earlier. The planet is very bright right now at magnitude -0.6 — brighter than it’s nearest rival, Arcturus (0.0) located three outstretched fists to the upper left of Mercury. I was surprised at how bright and easy it was to see it more than an hour before sunrise.
In the next few mornings, Virgo’s brightest star Spica rises near the planet. Watch them do a do-si-do in the coming days as Spica passes Mercury.
Virgo brings more than a bright morning planet. Tucked with the broad “Y” or cup-shaped northern half of the constellation, the bright galaxy M61 glows with a brand new supernova visible in amateur telescopes.
Japanese amateur astronomer Koichi Itagaki discovered the new star on October 29 at magnitude +13.6. A little on the faint side, yes, but it has been slowly brightening. This isn’t the first time we’ve witnessed a supernova explosion in the galaxy. At least two others – 2006in and 2008ov – have been observed. Quite the hotbed!
Right now, you’ll need an 8-inch or larger telescope and dark sky to see it. The best time is just before dawn when Virgo is highest in the eastern sky. Through the eyepiece of my 15-inch (37-cm) scope this morning the galaxy glowed big and round with a bright core. Supernova 2014dt was a dim “star” 40 arc seconds east and 7 seconds south of the nucleus. Use the maps above to help you find the galaxy.
I always save the bright planets for last not only because they provide a refreshingly bright treat after hunting comets and supernovae but also because I don’t want to destroy my night vision. But I got a great surprise when pointing the scope at Jupiter. Plain as could be, there was the shadow of the planet’s largest moon Ganymede silhouetted against the white clouds of the equatorial zone and next to it, Ganymede itself. For a minute it looked like two moons casting shadows on the planet. Compared to its shadow, Ganymede was smaller and gray-toned.
You can catch the next Ganymede shadow transit visible in the western hemisphere on the morning of November 8 from 3:35 to 7:12 a.m. CST. A 3-inch or larger telescope is all it takes to view it.
What better way to top off a morning of sky watching than with a sunrise? Now maybe I’ll take a nap.